As the WAN port of a node will be connected to a user’s private network, it
is essential that the node only uses the WAN when it is absolutely necessary.
There are two cases in which the WAN port is used:
- Mesh VPN (package
- DNS to resolve the VPN servers’ addresses (package
After the VPN connection has been established, the node should be able to reach
the mesh’s DNS servers and use these for all other name resolution.
If a device has only a single Ethernet port (or group of ports), it will be
used as an uplink port even when it is not labelled as “WAN” by default. This
behavior can be controlled using the
site.conf option. It is also possible to alter the interface assignment after
installation by modifying
/etc/config/gluon and running
As a node may get IPv6 default routes both over the WAN and the mesh, Gluon
uses two routing tables for IPv6. As all normal traffic should go over the mesh,
the mesh routes are added to the default table (table 0). All routes on the WAN interface
are put into table 1 (see
There is also an ip -6 rule which routes all IPv6 traffic with a packet mark with the
bit 1 set though table 1.
libpacketmark is a library which can be loaded with
LD_PRELOAD and will set the packet mark of all
sockets created by a process in accordance with the
LIBPACKETMARK_MARK environment variable. This allows setting
the packet mark for processes which don’t support this themselves. The process must run as root (or at least
CAP_NET_ADMIN) for this to work.
Unfortunately there’s no nice way to set the packet mark via iptables for outgoing packets. The iptables will
run after the packet has been created, to even when the packet mark is changed and the packet is re-routed, the
source address won’t be rewritten to the default source address of the newly chosen route. libpacketmark avoids
this issue as the packet mark will already be set when the packet is created.
To separate the DNS servers in the mesh from the ones on the WAN, the
gluon-wan-dnsmasq package provides
a secondary DNS daemon which runs on
127.0.0.1:54. It will automatically use all DNS servers explicitly
/etc/config/gluon-wan-dnsmasq or received via DNS/RA on the WAN port. It is important that
no DNS servers for the WAN interface are configured in
/etc/config/network and that
peerdns is set to 0
so the WAN DNS servers aren’t leaked to the primary DNS daemon.
libpacketmark is used to make the secondary DNS daemon send its requests over the WAN interface.
gluon-mesh-vpn-fastd provides an iptables rule which will redirect all DNS requests from processes running
with the primary group
127.0.0.1:54, thus making fastd use the secondary DNS daemon.